Breast Reduction also known as Reduction Mammoplasty is defined as the procedure of plastic surgery for the correction of breasts which get over-sized. In order to re-instate the functional bust proportionate to the body of woman, (NAC) nipple areola complex’s tissue viability must be critically considered. It ensures lactational capability and functional sensitivity of breasts. The symptoms of woman suffering from macromastia include heavy and enlarged breasts, chronic pain in the shoulders, head, neck and back. Over-sized breast also causes secondary problems of health like poor blood circulation, chafing of the lower breast and chest’s skin, impaired breathing, improper fit of clothes.
There are three-fold indications for the surgery of breast reduction- aesthetic, psychological, physical- the bust restoration is for woman’s mental health and self image. Usually a woman develops large breasts during the pubertal stage of breast development. There are two types of therapeutic approaches of breast reduction medical and surgical. Medical approach includes physical therapy which provides relief to the back, neck or shoulder pain. Surgical approach is known to be technically reliable method for decreasing the over-sized breasts. Surgical approach implies re-modeling of the breast mound with the help of skin and pedicle glandular, trimming and then re-draping the skin enveloping into a new breast.
The surgery of breast reduction has two aspects. First is skin incision aspect and excision technique of skin and glandular tissue which is applied for access and removal of parenchyma tissue of breast. Remaining tissue areas in the breast determines the final contour and shape of decreased breast. Lejour technique and liposuction are the two surgical techniques for breast reduction.
Reconstruction of a breast that has been removed due to cancer can dramatically improve your self-image and quality of life. This procedure restores fullness and breast features following a mastectomy, while providing balance and symmetry to your chest. Several different approaches provide the best aesthetic result. Breast reconstruction is completed in stages, with the number of stages dependent upon the type of reconstruction you choose. Types of surgery include insertion of tissue expanders (which are later replaced with breast implants), a Latissimus Dorsi approach or a Transversus Rectus Abdominus Myocutaneous (TRAM) flap.
Prior to surgery with your general surgeon, you will consult with Dr. Rechner to help you choose the best procedure based on your desired results. Often breast reconstruction will be scheduled along with a mastectomy. Breast reconstruction following mastectomy or lumpectomy secondary to breast cancer is covered by medical insurance. If only one breast is removed due to cancer, your insurance will likely cover any procedures needed to achieve symmetrical breasts. In turn, this may require a breast lift or reduction on the opposite breast.